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Unit 3: Commerce, Culture, and Conflict, 1800 - 1878

The 19th century saw rapid economic, cultural, and political change in the region. The fur trade brought European men of many nations to compete for economic advantage; the army demonstrated the power of the United States government; Dakota Territory was established; and pioneers from the States and Europe began to build farms and towns. All of these changes had a profound effect on the native peoples of the northern plains.

Document Sets:

Document Set 1: Winter Counts

Document Set 2: Creating Dakota Territory

Document Set 3: Armed Conflict

Document Set 4: Frontier Scout

Document Set 5: Fred Gerard and the Fur Trade

Document Set 6: Gardens at Frontier Military Posts 1864-1880


Lewis and Clark Map, by Samuel Lewis (1804–1806)

Ossiniboia Territory (1814)

Melish's Map of the U.S. (1820)

Die Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-America (1831)

Political Map of the U.S. (1845)

Nebraska Territory (1857)

Johnson's Map of Dakota Territory (1861, 1862)

Asher & Adam's Map of Dakota (1873)

Map of Custer's Reconnaissance of the Black Hills (1874)

Northern Pacific Railroad Map (1871)

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