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SHSND Home > Exhibits > Online Exhibits > Lewis & Clark > Corps of DIscovery > Was Sacagawea (Sakakawea) Shoshone or Hidatsa?

Corps of Discovery - Was Sacagawea (Sakakawea) Shoshone or Hidatsa?

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Sitting Rabbit Sakakawea Village on muslin

Sacagawea (Sakakawea) was thought to have been born to the Lehmi Shoshone tribe in western Montana. A member of the Shoshonean-speaking group, she was apparently captured by enemies on a raid and subsequently ended up at the Hidatsa villages on the Missouri River in present-day North Dakota. There, as was the custom of many tribes, the Hidatsa adopted her into their culture. Therefore, it is accurate to say she was both Shoshone and Hidatsa: Shoshone by birth and Hidatsa by culture.

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