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Manuscripts by Subject - Politics & Government- #10003

Title: Benjamin and Linda Slaughter Papers

Dates: 1871-1906

Collection Number: 10003

Quantity:  .5 foot

Abstract: Correspondence, coroner’s records, financial records relating to politics, women’s suffrage, the Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck, and the Burleigh County Pioneers Association.

Provenance: The donor and date of acquisition of the Benjamin and Linda Slaughter Papers by the State Historical Society of North Dakota are unknown. Juliann Henriksen prepared the inventory to the Benjamin and Linda Slaughter Papers in February 1984.

Property rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.

Copyrights: Copyrights to materials in this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs. Researchers should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94-553, Title 17, U. S. Code and an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.

Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.

Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.

Transfer: One photograph of Belva Lockwood was transferred to the Photo Archives on 13 February 1984.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Benjamin Franklin Slaughter was born on April 10, 1842 at Bardstown, Kentucky. He attended the Louisville Kentucky School of Medicine and in 1860 was appointed a medical cadet in the United States Medical School at Louisville. Upon graduation he became assistant surgeon of the 55th Kentucky Mounted Infantry. After the Civil War Slaughter served at Fort Humboldt, Tennessee until he received orders to Fort Rice, Dakota Territory. He was stationed at Fort Rice from 1870 to 1872 and accompanied troops in the field. In 1872 he was ordered to Camp Hancock, Dakota Territory. He resigned his army commission in November 1873 and settled in Bismarck. He was the first postmaster of Bismarck, president of the Burleigh County Pioneer Association, and county coroner. He died on December 26, 1896 at Bismarck, North Dakota.

Linda Warfel Slaughter was born in February 1843 at Cadiz, Ohio. She graduated from Oberlin College and became a Presbyterian missionary. She accompanied her husband to Dakota Territory and after settling in Bismarck became an active member of the community. Her accomplishments include: organizing the first Sunday school, first superintendent of Burleigh County schools, deputy superintendent of schools for Dakota Territory, organized the Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck and North Dakota, an active member of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, and Vice President of the National Women's Suffrage Association. She wrote pamphlets, letters, and books, most of which extolled the virtues of the West. Some of the articles were penned under her Indian name, Zuzula. The last few years of her life were spent in various hospitals and sanitariums. She died on July 5, 1911 at St. Cloud, Minnesota.

Benjamin and Linda Slaughter met in Tennessee while he was in the army and she was a missionary. They were married on August 28, 1868 in Ohio. The Slaughters had three daughters: Rosalynd, Jessamine, and Linda. Their only son, Frank, died in infancy.

Sources:
North Dakota Historical Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 34-35
Women of North Dakota Hall of Fame by Grace Hudson
Bismarck Tribune, 5 January 1897
Bismarck Daily Tribune, 7 July 1911
Bismarck Tribune, 5 February 1980
1900 Federal Census Records

 

SCOPE AND CONTENT

The Benjamin and Linda Slaughter Papers date from 1871 to 1906 and measure one-half foot. The papers have been divided into three series: Linda Slaughter Papers, Benjamin Slaughter Papers, and Miscellaneous Papers.

The Linda Slaughter Papers date from 1874 to 1906, occupy four folders, and consist of correspondence and miscellaneous items. The correspondence is arranged chronologi­cally and relates to personal interests, women's suffrage, Women's Relief Corps, Knights of Labor, and post office duties. The correspondents include Father Genin, J.P. Kidder, I.E. West, W.H.H. Beadle, A. Sheridan Jones, M.H. Jewell, C.A. Lounsberry, Belva Lockwood, and numerous political figures on the state and national level. The miscellaneous items consist of receipts, newspaper articles, and an obituary for John O'Leary.

The Benjamin Slaughter Papers date from 1871 to 1892, occupy four folders, and consist of correspondence, coroner's records, financial records, and miscellaneous manuscripts. The correspondence is arranged chronologically and consists of letters from Clara Barton, military personnel, and political figures. The coroner's records consist of notes kept on Burleigh County inquests. The financial records consist of account sheets and receipts. The miscellaneous manuscripts include medical notes on a patient and a list of national cemeteries.

The Miscellaneous Papers date from 1873 to 1893, occupy four folders, and consist of Burleigh County Pioneers Association records, Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck and North Dakota records, ephemera, and a book. The Burleigh County Pioneers Association records consist of receipts, membership dues list, and a report. The Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck and North Dakota records consist of articles of incorpora­tion and a resolution. The ephemera consist of programs, invitations, poetry, and business cards.

The book The Trees Fruits and Flowers of the Bible, by Mrs. Harriet N. Cook, is annotated.

SERIES DESCRIPTION

Series I . Linda Slaughter Papers, 1874-1906, Box 1

Consists of correspondence, receipts, newspaper articles and an obituary.

Series II. Benjamin Slaughter Papers, 1871-1892, Box 1 Consists of correspondence, coroners records, financial records, medical notes, and a list of national cemeteries.

Series III. Miscellaneous Papers, 1873-1893, Box 1 Consists of Burleigh County Pioneers Association records, Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck and North Dakota records, ephemera, and a book.

BOX / FOLDER INVENTORY

Series I.  Linda Slaughter Papers

Box 1:
1 Correspondence           1874-1878           
2 Correspondence           1879-1887           
3 Correspondence           1888-1906           
4 Miscellaneous                1876-1882           

Series II.  Benjamin Slaughter Papers

5 Correspondence           1871-1892           
6 Coroner's Records        1873-1879           
7 Financial Records          1873-1878           
8 Miscellaneous                1873, 1891          

Series III.  Miscellaneous Papers

9 Burleigh County Pioneers Association Records                1873-1874           
10 Ladies Historical Society of Bismarck and North Dakota             1889, 1896          
11 Ephemera     1873-1893           
12 The Trees, Fruits, and Flowers of the Bible, by Mrs. Harriet N. Cook   

 

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