Large scale ranching developed especially in the western part of the territory in the 1880’s as the railroad stretched all across the region and the once plentiful bison had been decimated. Iconic figures such as Theodore Roosevelt and the Marques de Mores purchased ranches in the west, bringing both color and controversy to the area. The harsh winter of 1886-87 and overgrazing led to the decline of open-range ranching in the state. The introduction of barbed wire around this time greatly contributed to the changes in ranching during this era.
Finding Aids on Ranching in North Dakota:
612 East Boulevard Ave.
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505
State Museum and Store: 8am - 5pm M-F; Sat. & Sun. 10am - 5pm.
State Archives: 8am - 4:30pm., M-F, except state holidays, and 2nd Sat. of each month, 10am - 4:30 pm.
State Historical Society offices: 8am - 5pm M-F, except state holidays.
phone: (701) 328-2666
fax: (701) 328-3710