In 1861, President James Buchanan created Dakota Territory. This was the same year the United States divided to fight the Civil War. American Indians occupied large portions of Dakota Territory and were fighting to defend their homeland from increasing settlement. Following the U.S.-Dakota War in 1862, Generals Sibley and Sully pursued the American Indians who they believed were responsible for events in Minnesota. The Army's military actions in North Dakota, including Big Mound, Dead Buffalo Lake, Stoney Lake, Whitestone Hill, and Killdeer Mountain, were an attempt to end the Indian threat to settlers in the Dakotas and to clear the way for railroad expansion and settlement.
Finding Aids on the Civil War in North Dakota:
612 East Boulevard Ave.
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505
State Museum and Store: 8am - 5pm M-F; Sat. & Sun. 10am - 5pm.
State Archives: 8am - 4:30pm., M-F, except state holidays, and 2nd Sat. of each month, 10am - 4:30 pm.
State Historical Society offices: 8am - 5pm M-F, except state holidays.
phone: (701) 328-2666
fax: (701) 328-3710