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Manuscripts by Subject - Indians of North America - #11113

Title: Lydia Frerking Schneider Bismarck Indian School                                           

Dates: 1930s

Collection Number: MSS 11113

Quantity: 1.5 feet
                                               
Abstract: Consists of 1933, 1934 and 1935 yearbooks from the Bismarck Indian School, correspondence, printed material, and photographs of students, the BIS and Fort Yates schools, and Lydia Frerking.

Provenance: The collection was donated to the State Historical Society of North Dakota by Lydia Frerking Schneider’s nephew, John Beilharz, on February 3, 2012. The collection was processed and this inventory created by Emily E. Schultz in February 2012. The scrapbooks and most of the photographs were digitized for long-term preservation.

Property Rights: The State Historical Society of North Dakota owns the property rights to this collection.

Copyrights: Copyrights to materials in this collection remain with the donor, publisher, author, or author's heirs. Researchers should consult the 1976 Copyright Act, Public Law 94-553, Title 17, U. S. Code and an archivist at this repository if clarification of copyright requirements is needed.                        

Access: This collection is open under the rules and regulations of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.   

Citation: Researchers are requested to cite the collection title, collection number, and the State Historical Society of North Dakota in all footnote and bibliographic references.

AGENCY HISTORY

The Bismarck Indian School was established in 1905, one of thirty non-reservation schools opened in the United States. It was located on the east bank of the Missouri River, within the city limits of Bismarck, at the current site of Fraine Barracks. Enrollment averaged about 100, and was directed by a faculty and staff of about  10 to 20 men and women. After 1922 the school enrolled girls only because of inadequate equipment for both sexes. The school enrolled students in the fourth to the ninth grades. Students received instruction in academic class work and home economics classes, as well as leisure activities like singing, physical exercise and play. The Bismarck Indian School closed after the graduation of its 1937 class. The closing of the school was part of a larger movement to shift schools to reservations. Work at the Bismarck Indian school was transferred to Fort Yates and Fort Totten, ND.

Sources:
“Bismarck Indian School Has Last Graduation.” The Minneapolis Journal. 20 June 1937.
1934 Bismarck Indian School Yearbook, p.5. SHSND MSS 11113.
 
BOX / FOLDER INVENTORY

Box 1:
1 Bismarck Indian School loose material:
- Telegram instructing Lydia Frerking to report to the Bismarck Indian School, September 10, 1931            
- Graduation Exercises, BIS, programs 1933 and 1934
- Financial report on BIS ninth grade activities June 1, 1934
- Four original poems by BIS students Helen Momberg, Roseanna St. Clair, and Rosie Little Light (with draft), 1935
- Correspondence to Lydia Frerking from Mrs. DeWitt Dillon, February 1, 1936
- Christmas 1937 Standing Rock Indian School program
- Standing Rock Community School commencement programs, 1937 and 1938
- Music festival program, Standing Rock Community School, May 17, 1938
- Program for dinner event, Fort Yates, ND, ca. 1938 (Lydia Frerking was the toastmaster and Frank Fiske was speaker “One Layman’s Idea of Education”)
- Two from Fiske Indian Fotos, Fort Yates (processed photographs), ca. 1938
 
2 1933 Bismarck Indian School yearbook (photographs and individual pages have been digitized)
(contains photographs 11113-129 – 11113-150)

3 1934 Bismarck Indian School yearbook (photographs and individual pages have been digitized)
(contains photographs 11113-01 – 11113-37)

4 1935 Bismarck Indian School yearbook (photographs and individual pages have been digitized)              
(contains photographs 11113-38 – 11113-79)

5 Photographs 11113-10 – 11113-120 (including duplicates from yearbooks)

6 Photographs 11113-121 – 11113-180 (including duplicates from yearbooks)

7 Photographs 11113-181 – 11113-220

8 Photographs 11113-221 – 11113-260

9 Photographs 11113-261 – 11113-315   

10 Photographs 11113-125 – 11113-128 and 11113-316

Listing of photographs by image number:

11113-01 Bird's-eye view of the Bismarck Indian School campus
11113-02 Scene along Missouri River, NP RR bridge as viewed from Memorial Bridge 1934
11113-03 Girls' dormitory in the summer BIS ca. 1934
11113-04 BIS school building in winter 1934
11113-05 BIS campus in winter-dormitory in background, 1934
11113-06 Mr. Peyton Carter, Supervisor, acting Superintendent BIS 1934
11113-07 Group of 1934 BIS employees-ids in yearbook
11113-08 BIS students playing ball in 'the oval' 1934
11113-09 BIS students playing tennis 1934
11113-10 BIS students at the piano 1934
11113-11 BIS students' dining hall 1934
11113-12 BIS students playing games in the campus living room
11113-13 BIS students in playroom
11113-14 Mary Rose Brien 1934 BIS photograph
11113-15 Elizabeth Felix 1934 BIS photograph
11113-16 Edna Foster 1934 BIS photograph
11113-17 Virginia Logg 1934 BIS photograph
11113-18 Rose Morin 1934 BIS photograph
11113-19 Sara Murphy 1934 BIS photograph
11113-20 Cecilia Poitra 1934 BIS photograph
11113-21 Mabel Redstone 1934 BIS photograph
11113-22 Alma Two Bears 1934 BIS photograph
11113-23 Melda Useful Heart 1934 BIS photograph
11113-24 Verna Wallette 1934 BIS photograph
11113-25 Phoebe Wilson 1934 BIS photograph
11113-26 1934 BIS Eighth grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-27 1934 BIS Seventh grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-28 1934 BIS Sixth grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-29 1934 BIS Fifth grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-30 1934 BIS Fourth Grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-31 BIS Students sewing in Home Economics class 1934
11113-32 BIS Students cooking in Home Economics class 1934
11113-33 1934 BIS Student Council-ids on back
11113-34 1934 BIS Student Activity Association-ids in yearbook
11113-35 1934 BIS Girl Scouts-ids in yearbook
11113-36 1934 BIS YWCA cabinet-ids in yearbook
11113-37 BIS 1934 basketball team-ids in yearbook
11113-38 View of the Memorial Bridge across the Missouri River 1935
11113-39 Dormitory on BIS campus with 'the oval' lawn in the foreground 1935
11113-40 BIS campus in winter 1935
11113-41 BIS living room 1935
11113-42 BIS dining room 1935
11113-43 A BIS dormitory room 1935
11113-44 Mr. Sharon R Mote Superintendent BIS 1935
11113-45 1935 BIS employees-ids in yearbook
11113-46 BIS ninth grade class, 1935
11113-47 Helen Badger portrait BIS 1935
11113-48 Edna Bird-in-Ground portrait BIS 1935
11113-49 Nora Connelly portrait BIS 1935
11113-50 Elenore Dempsey portrait BIS 1935
11113-51 Regina Little Bird portrait BIS 1935
11113-52 Rosie Little Light portrait BIS 1935
11113-53 Catherine Martin portrait BIS 1935
11113-54 Helen Momberg portrait BIS 1935
11113-55 Stella Parker portrait BIS 1935
11113-56 Rose Redcherries portrait BIS 1935
11113-57 Ursula Walters portrait BIS 1935
11113-58 Regina Whitman portrait BIS 1935
11113-59 Gladys Wolfblack portrait BIS 1935
11113-60 Ninth grade BIS students operating the 'ditto' while printing the yearbook 1935
11113-61 Several booths erected by BIS students for the Ninth grade carnival 1935
11113-62 1935 BIS eighth grade class section one-ids in yearbook
11113-63 Part of the cast for the dramatization of Evangeline BIS 1935
11113-64 1935 BIS eighth grade class section two-ids in yearbook
11113-65 1935 BIS seventh grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-66 1935 BIS sixth grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-67 1935 BIS fifth grade class-ids in yearbook
11113-68 BIS students in sewing class 1935
11113-69 Infant layettes constructed by 1935 ninth grade students of BIS
11113-70 BIS students in cooking class 1935
11113-71 BIS upper grades on walk along the Missouri River in March, 1935
11113-72 BIS students playing tennis 1935
11113-73 BIS basketball game 1935
11113-74 BIS students playing Kitten Ball, 1935
11113-75 BIS students playing the piano 1935
11113-76 BIS acrobats 1935
11113-77 1935 BIS 1935 YWCA-ids in yearbook
11113-78 BIS 1935 basketball team-ids in yearbook
11113-79 1935 BIS Girl Scouts-ids in yearbook
11113-80 Bird's-eye view of the Bismarck Indian School campus
11113-81 BIS students making fly traps 1933
11113-82 BIS students in shop class ca. 1934
11113-83 BIS Literature classroom ca. 1934
11113-84 BIS students in shop class ca. 1934
11113-85 BIS students, ca. 1934
11113-86 BIS students, ca. 1934
11113-87 BIS students in shop class, ca. 1934
11113-88 BIS students painting, August 1934
11113-89 BIS students painting, ca. August 1934
11113-90 Group of BIS students, ca. 1934
11113-91 Unidentified BIS student, ca. 1934
11113-92 Sioux girls from Standing Rock reservation ca. 1934
11113-93 Chippewa girls - Belcourt Turtle Mountain Reservation ca. 1934
11113-94 Crows, Sioux or Blackfeet from Montana ca. 1934
11113-95 Unidentified BIS student ca. 1934
11113-96 Unidentified woman standing next to a tree, 1930s
11113-97 Unidentified women standing among trees, 1930s
11113-98 Unidentified women standing next to a tree, 1930s
11113-99 Three unidentified young men, 1930s
11113-100 Unidentified woman, 1930s
11113-102 Girls dormitory in the winter BIS ca. 1934
11113-103 Building on BIS campus ca. 1934
11113-106 Two unidentified women, maybe in the badlands, ca. 1934
11113-107 View of the Missouri River west, right near the school as seen from a point on the BIS grounds, ca. 1934
11113-108 Looking north at Mississippi River from bridge at Red Wing, MN, 1930s
11113-109 NP RR Bridge in winter
11113-110 Liberty memorial bridge ca. 1933
11113-111 NP RR Bridge in winter from BIS ca. 1934
11113-112 Block house Fort Abraham Lincoln ca. 1934
11113-113 Block House Fort Abraham Lincoln ND ca. 1934
11113-114 Middle block house Fort Abraham Lincoln ND ca. 1934
11113-115 Mandan Earth Lodge Fort Abraham Lincoln ca. 1934
11113-116 Unidentified young woman in front of U.S. Indian Schools bus, 1930s
11113-117 Group of four women in front of Mount Rushmore, ca. 1936
11113-118 Child on scooter, 1930s
11113-119 Child on scooter, 1930s
11113-120 Parade downtown Mandan ND ca. 1933
11113-121 Parade downtown Mandan ND ca. 1933
11113-122 Parade downtown Mandan ND ca. 1933
11113-123 Parade downtown Mandan ND ca. 1933
11113-124 Tipi at unidentified event, 1930s
11113-125 BIS US Indian School Graduates 1933 portrait
11113-126 BIS Graduates 1934 portrait
11113-127 BIS US Indian School Graduates 1935 portrait
11113-128 BIS US Indian School Graduates 1936 portrait
11113-129 BIS ninth grade group photo-ids in yearbook p7
11113-130 Shirley Aubrey 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p10
11113-131 Anna Bercier 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p11
11113-132 Helen Marie Bird 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p12
11113-133 Bessie Brave 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p13
11113-134 Seraphine Decoteau 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p14
11113-135 Florence J. Kitson 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p15
11113-136 Viola Little Soldier 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p16
11113-137 Ethel Mae Menz 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p17
11113-138 Delia Mont Clair 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p18
11113-139 Edith One Horn 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p19
11113-140 Lillian Poitra 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p20
11113-141 Marian Whitman 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p21
11113-142 Annabelle Wilkie 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p22
11113-143 Mary Yellow Lodge 1933 BIS photograph yearbook p23
11113-144 1933 BIS eighth grade class section two-ids in yearbook p26
11113-145 1933 BIS seventh grade class-ids in yearbook p27
11113-146 1933 BIS sixth grade class-ids in yearbook p28
11113-147 1933 BIS fourth and fifth grade class-ids in yearbook p29
11113-148 1933 BIS primary grades class-ids in yearbook p30
11113-149 1933 BIS students making swatters activity period
11113-150 1933 BIS students posting clippings to bulletin board
11113-151 View of Liberty Memorial Bridge and Missouri River from the Bismarck Indian School, ca. 1934
11113-152 BIS students working on quilts, ca. 1934          
11113-153 Unidentified woman by Missouri River, Liberty Memorial Bridge in background, Bismarck, ca. 1934
11113-154 Post card, grasshopper pulling cart, “Seen near The Service Drug in Bismarck, North Dakota,” 1930s   
11113-155 Post card, BIS student playing tennis, Missouri River and Liberty Memorial Bridge in background, ca. 1934
11113-156 View of Missouri River and Liberty Memorial Bridge, Bismarck, ca. 1934
11113-157 Group of BIS students, ca. 1934
11113-158 View of Missouri River in the winter, Bismarck, ca. 1934
11113-159 Two unidentified women on Liberty Memorial Bridge, Bismarck, ca. 1934
11113-160 BIS building, ca. 1934
11113-161 Probably view of Missouri River, ca. 1934
11113-162 Liberty Memorial Bridge and Missouri River, ca. 1934
11113-163 Unidentified woman outside BIS building, ca. 1934
11113-164 Unidentified group of BIS students, ca. 1934
11113-165 Group on school picnic, might be Bismarck or Fort Yates, 1930s
11113-167 Group of students, Fort Yates? 1930s
11113-168 Unidentified group of women, ca. 1920s-1930s
11113-169 Students picking fruit for preserving and canning, For Yates? 1930s
11113-170 Unidentified house or building, ca. 1930s
11113-171 Student artwork, BIS or Fort Yates? 1930s
11113-172 Young man outside house or school building, 1930s
11113-173 House or school building, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-174 House or school building, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-175-176 Students at desks, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-177 Students playing, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-178 Students in classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-179 Group on school picnic, might be Bismarck or Fort Yates, 1930s
11113-180 Girls in dining hall around Christmas time, ca. 1930s
11113-181 Five young women frosting cakes, ca. 1930s
11113-182 View of the badlands, ND? ca. 1930s
11113-183 View of a field, ND? ca. 1930s
11113-184 Unidentified group of students, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-185 Unidentified group of students building a fire, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-186 Unidentified group of students with instructor, early BIS or Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-187 Probably a track and field meet, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-188 Group of children shoveling, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-189 Log building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-190-191 Young women working on log building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-192-193 Interior of log building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-194 Boys basketball team, Fort Yates? 1937
11113-195 Girls playing in tree, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-196 Classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-197 Automobile in snow, ca. 1930s
11113-198 Group of students outside, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-199 Log building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-200 Group of boys digging, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-201 Entrance to unidentified cemetery, ca. 1930s
11113-202 Automobiles outside unidentified building, ca. 1930s
11113-203 Boys on tractor, ca. 1930s
11113-204 Construction of addition on unidentified building, ca. 1930s
11113-205 Student drawing of railroad engine, ca. 1930s
11113-206 Unidentified couple, wedding photograph? ca. 1930s
11113-207 Two unidentified boys, ca. 1930s
11113-208 Standing Rock Reservation graph of tuberculosis, trachoma, syphilis, gonorrhea, other diseases by population made by third grade students along with other school material on a wall, ca. 1930s
11113-209 Standing Rock Reservation graph of typhoid, tinea, septicemia, scarlet fever, sore throat, pink eye, chickenpox, venereal, influenza, trachoma and tuberculosis, made by first grade students along with other school material on a wall, ca. 1930s
11113-210 Monument to Indian Police, Fort Yates, ND, ca. 1930s
11113-211 The flag, standing rock and memorial monument, looking toward Missouri River and Ghost Butte, Fort Yates, ND, Fiske photograph (post card)
11113-212-213 Department of the Interior, Standing Rock Agency buildings, ca. 1938
11113-214-219 Views of Fort Yates, ND
11113-220 Unidentified woman standing on business street in unidentified town, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-221 Business street in unidentified town, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-222 Unidentified church or school building, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-223 Unidentified church or school building, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-224 Unidentified church or school building, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-225 Winter on BIS campus (maybe?), 1930s
11113-226 Group of BIS faculty, ca. 1934
11113-227 BIS Girl Scouts, ca. 1935
11113-228 Students cooking, BIS? ca. 1934
11113-229 Unidentified house or school building, might be in ND, 1930s
11113-230 Boys playing basketball, unidentified location, n.d.
11113-231 Group, might be BIS or Fort Yates faculty? ca. 1930s
11113-232 BIS students, activity period, fly eradication project, 1933
11113-233 Students (BIS?) during activity period, painting, ca. 1930s
11113-234 Students harvesting corn, BIS or Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-235 Students in classroom with chicks and rabbits, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-236-240 Commercial photographs from the Grand Canyon National Park, ca. 1930s
11113-241 Unidentified dog portrait
11113-242 Two unidentified boys, ca. 1930s
11113-243 School bus outside unidentified building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-244 Group in front of automobile outside house or school building, ca. 1930s
11113-245 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-246 Unidentified school building, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-247 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-248 Unidentified house, ca. 1930s
11113-249 Landscape, might be ND, ca. 1930s
11113-250 View from block house of Fort Lincoln of Indian village with Mandan earth lodges, ca. 1930s
11113-251 Unidentified house, ca. 1930s
11113-252 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-253 Waterfront view, might be ND, ca. 1930s
11113-254 Automobile in snow, ca. 1930s
11113-255 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-256 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-257 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-258 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-259 Landscape, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-260 Unidentified woman standing among corn, ca. 1930s
11113-261 Waterfront view, might be ND, ca. 1930s
11113-262 Automobile tour, Grand Canyon National Park? ca. 1930s
11113-263-266 Native Americans in traditional dress around tipi, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-267 Parade, downtown Mandan, ND, ca. 1930s
11113-268 Unidentified woman standing next to tree, ca. 1930s
11113-269 Classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-270 Students in a foot race, Fort Yates? ca. 1938
11113-271 Scenic view in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-272-273 Student hand-drawn “stained glass”
11113-273-274 Scenic view in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-275-276 Might be construction? Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-277 Scenic view, might be ND, ca. 1930s
11113-278 Group of students outside, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-279 Crops, BIS or Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-280 Scenic view in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-281 Students harvesting corn, BIS or Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-282 Woman standing among flower bushes, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-283 Students in auditorium watching performance, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-284-285 Scenic view, might be ND, ca. 1930s
11113-286 Woman on dock or boat on waterfront, ca. 1930s
11113-287-288 Students plowing garden area with shovels, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-289 Scenic view in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-290 Doll on chair, ca. 1930s
11113-291 Unidentified house, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-292 Probably view of Missouri River, ca. 1930s
11113-293 Unidentified house or school building, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-294 Construction, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-295 Track meet, long jump, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-296 Unidentified house, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-297 Girls standing around a fire, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-298 Students outside unidentified building, Fort Yates, ca. 1930s
11113-299 Scenic view, probably ND, ca. 1930s
11113-300 Student construction, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-301 Students in classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-302 Classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-303 School bus outside unidentified building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-304 School bus and students outside unidentified building, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-305 Students in classroom, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-306-307 Scenic view, probably in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-308 Construction project, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-309 Tent village, might be in ND, ca. 1930s
11113-310 Unidentified building, ca. 1930s
11113-311 Group of students, Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-312 Young men with teacher? Fort Yates? ca. 1930s
11113-313-315 Interior of a homestead shack (might be a reproduction), ca. 1930s

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